Unusual flowers

Lorraine Cox gave me a call last week to let me know she had some interesting plants in flower and would I like to come and take some photos? Lorraine keeps a beautiful garden in central Tauranga and knows her plants so, needless to say, I accepted her kind offer.

Possibly Echium simplex (White Tower of Jewels). Photo: Sandra Simpson

She has had her Echium pininana alba (Echium Snow Tower) plants for 4 years and despite being told they would flower after 2 years, it has taken them this long to come into bloom. These echiums have one towering flower spike per plant.

Described as ‘rare’, this echium is native to the island of Guernsey in the English Channel and prefers a cooler, moist position which, Lorraine believes, may explain why she’s had to wait so long for flowers as most of her plants are in full sun. The plant that has done the best this year (pictured above) is in semi-shade.

She found her bundle of plants at Bunnings (coming from Hamlin Nurseries in Papakura), proving it’s always worth keeping your eyes open.

Update, January 9, 2016: After some research, Lorraine now believes her white echium to be Echium simplex (White Tower of Jewels) from the mountains of Tenerife in the Canary Islands and described as being drought tolerant. Read more here.

Although her next treasure flowers only every 7 years it was to be found in a pot well away from the house – and for a very good reason. Her Amorphophallus konjac bulb, a gift from her son, emits the scent of rotting meat (to attract pollinators) as the flower unfurls. I couldn’t detect any scent the morning I took these photos, but by early afternoon Lorraine had emailed to say ‘Stinky’ was doing its thing.

Amorphophallus konjac in flower – there is no foliage at this stage, that comes later. Photo: Sandra Simpson

Read more about this interesting plant here. Among its common names are voodoo lily,  corpse flower and devil’s tongue arum. Read a Sandra’s Garden post on the 2013 flowering in Auckland of this plant’s larger cousin Amorphophallus titanium.

Petrea volubilis isn’t particularly rare or unusual but what you may not know about this vine is that its true flowers are the tiny ones with a splash of white at the centre – the rest of the purple ‘stars’ are calices (I didn’t either until Lorraine told me).

The true flowers are the ‘doubles’ with a white centre. Photo: Sandra Simpson

It gets its common name, sandpaper vine, from the harsh surface of its leaves, which are in such contrast to the soft racemes of flowers.

Magnificent magnolias

There’s nothing quite like a leafless branch covered in magnolia blooms to stop passers-by in their tracks. And, despite most of her trees having grown way past the height stated on the tags, Lorraine Cox wouldn’t be without her magnolias.

“We’ve been 35 years in our home and I don’t know how many times we’ve changed the garden round, but you can do that in Tauranga,” Lorraine says. “I guess the garden should be planned, but I see things I want and have got to have … and then I find a space for them.”

Her passions for the past few years have been maples, for their autumn and spring colour, and deciduous magnolias, even though some of them take several years to flower. She waited five years for her Magnolia campbellii Alba cross to flower, and says that one year she threatened it “with the chop” as a last-resort tactic. It worked, even though the tree usually takes 10 to 12 years to flower.


Magnolia campbelli alba. Photo: Sandra Simpson

“They’re just like floating iced cakes,” Lorraine says of the ivory blooms. “They look good enough to eat.”

She has chosen trees for a staggered flowering from July through to October, and has a colour range from white to the darkest of the magnolias, among them Magnolia liliflora Nigra, Magnolia Yellow Fever (although Lorraine says it’s more cream than yellow) and Magnolia x brooklynensis Woodsman, a relatively rare tree that has flowers with purple and green petals.

“Magnolias tend to flower profusely every other year, but the exception to that is Vulcan.”

Lorraine bought her Vulcan when the tree was first released about 16 years ago by the Jury family in Taranaki, saying the distinctive red flowers stood out among the more common pinks and whites.

“Quite a few of mine are Jury-bred magnolias,” Lorraine says, “but they don’t have the growth in Taranaki that we have here so you can’t believe what they say on the label. They shoot past that.”

She notes that Vulcan blooms take about four years to come to their true colour and can look “quite insipid” at first. “But every year the colour gets a bit darker and a bit stronger.”

Some of the larger trees have been underplanted with members of the shrubby Magnolia stellata (star magnolia) family, including Magnolia loebneri Leonard Messel, a pink stellata-type flower.


A stellata, or star, magnolia. Photo: Sandra Simpson

Her first tree was Magnolia soulangeana (tulip magnolia) that Lorraine says is “just the common one that you see everywhere”. Among her collection is Atlas, considered to have the largest flower of any of the deciduous species, and another Jury creation. “It’s magnificent,” Lorraine says of the flower, “about 30cm in diameter and quite perfumed.”

She’s also a fan of the crinkled petals of Felix Jury, another large-flowered tree. Both Star Wars and Black Tulip have repeat flowerings, the latter, Lorraine says, with a large burst of blooms before being “constantly” in flower for a long period.


Magnolia Felix Jury, a New Zealand-bred tree. Photo: Sandra Simpson

She recommends Black Tulip, Vulcan and Caerhay’s Belle for small gardens due to their upright and narrow growth habits.

“I saw a tui diving into a magnolia bloom the other morning – he was really pulling at the flower, which wasn’t quite open, to get at the stamens. So we’re not the only ones who think they’re gorgeous.”


Deciduous magnolias are native to Japan and China; evergreen magnolias to the southern United States.

In New Zealand the Jury family of Taranaki is the name most associated with deciduous magnolias, however the late Felix Jury released only eight new trees and his son Mark, despite raising about 1000, has released named only four so far.

It takes up to 20 years from the initial cross to select, trial, evaluate and build up a new variety for release.

In 2003 the International Magnolia Society gave Mark Jury the Todd Gresham Award for his work.

Read more about Jury magnolias.


Magnolia Black Tulip. Photo: Sandra Simpson

This article was first published in the Bay of Plenty Times and appears here with permission.